Russia and The United States have similarly matched military, even though when in comparison, Russia spends less than 10% on its military forces. We compare Russia and United States to see how they would match up against each other and see who would win.
The annual defense budget of Russia is $47 billion which is 3.9% of their GDP. The annual defense budget of the United States is $664 billion, which is 2.4% of their GDP.
Russia has a total population of 143 million people, with 47 million who are fit for service. It has 7
66,000 who are active front-line personnel, and it has 2.5 million who are active reserve personnel.
The United States has a total population of 321 million people, with 120 million fit for service. It has 1.4 million people who are active front-line personnel, and it has 1.1 million who are active reserve personnel.
The United States front-line manpower is more than twice the size than that of Russia; but if both nations called on their reserves Russia would have the overall manpower advantage by 700,000 personnel or 21%.
The United States is absolutely outmatched when comparing both nations tanks, with only 8,800 tanks going up against Russia‘s massive arsenal of 15,400 tanks. The United States makes up some ground with their armored fighting vehicles, with 41,000 AFVs against Russia‘s 31,300 AFVs. Other land units that both armies employ are Self-Propelled Guns (1,934 vs 5,972), Towed Artillery (1,299 vs 5,972), and Multiple Launch Rocket Systems (1,331 vs 3,793).
When comparing aircraft strength, the United States vastly overpowers Russia with 13,444 aircrafts compared to Russia‘s 3,547 aircrafts.
Looking at naval power, the United States has a slight edge with 415 total ships going up against Russia‘s 352 total ships. There are two major points of interest however. The United States boasts 19 aircraft carriers against a SINGLE aircraft carrier for Russia. However, Russia owns 81 Corvette warships against the United States’ ZERO.
We must remember that almost every ground vehicle, aircraft, and naval unit needs fuel to be employed. Russia consumes 3.3 million barrels of oil a day and produces 10 million barrels daily with a massive 80 billion barrel oil reserve. The United States currently consumes 19 million barrels of oil a day and produces 9 million barrels daily with a 37 billion barrel oil reserve.
Perhaps the most important resource when it comes to war are allies. The United States boasts treaties that ally them with over 54 nations. Russia has only 5 documented allies.
Experience also plays a big factor in the strength of a military and its commanders. The United States has been involved in 103 wars dating back to 1776. Russia has been involved in 107 wars dating back to 1480.
As we progress through the digital age, cyberwarfare is becoming a critical part of a nation’s strength. The United States is known to be investing heavily in cyber warfare with their Cyber Command Program. Russia will not share information about their advances in cyberwarfare.