Witold Pilecki – The Man Who Went Undercover at Auschwitz

We bet that even if we offered to pay you a hefty sum to go back in time to World War II and get yourself imprisoned in the Auschwitz concentration camp, you’d probably answer, “no way!” But there was one man in history, the only person brave and crazy enough to volunteer to go to Auschwitz.
Witold Pilecki

The Life of Wiltod Pilecki

We bet that even if we offered to pay you a hefty sum to go back in time to World War II and get yourself imprisoned in the Auschwitz concentration camp, you’d probably answer, “no way!”

This is assuming we have access to our own special time portal, which – for the record – we do not. Ignore the hidden machine behind the curtain – nothing to see here…hehe…

The story of Witold Pilecki

But anyway, if you answered, “no” to our offer, that would probably be a wise decision. Your odds of dying in the notorious death camp are higher than surviving through it to enjoy the prize money we give you in the end. Such a challenge would be too much even for our favorite guinea pig! But there was one man in history, the only person brave and crazy enough to volunteer to go to Auschwitz. He went by the name of Witold Pilecki. 


Before you question Pilecki’s sanity, you should first understand that he didn’t know how intense the camp actually was when he agreed to go. The thing is, little was known about the camp at the time. The knowledge of the happenings behind its closed doors wasn’t as widespread as it is today. As a Polish cavalry officer and intelligence agent, Pilecki’s mission was to go in and gather information about the site for the purpose of finding out what exactly was going on there. Then he’d report his findings to the Western Allies. Easy, right? 

Pilecki’s run-ins with the Germans

His fight against the Germans did not begin with this mission. He had prior experience fighting against them in the 1939 Defensive War. As a man of resistance, he couldn’t just sit back and let the Nazi plague take over. He felt compelled to do something about it. That’s why, when he heard about the open position to be sent to infiltrate the camp, he put his best foot forward and volunteered. What a good sport. Talk about taking one for the team! 

Witold Pilecki orchestrated and presented his plan of how he was going to infiltrate the camp, gather information of its functions and organize a resistance movement within its walls. This plan was approved. It seemed relatively simple and why wouldn’t the prisoners want to join in resisting? Well, knowing what we know now, in hindsight, there are some major flaws with this idea.


That is, the prisoners would have likely been very malnourished, physically weak with broken spirits, some on the brink of natural death. Such a resistance movement couldn’t possibly make a dent on the impact against the Nazis, right? Unless, perhaps, you didn’t fight back with physical strength but, rather, came up with a cunning plan using mind over matter. But how would this be done? That would be the challenge for Witold Pilecki to figure out once he was there. 

Pilecki’s Masterplan

Auschwitz concentration camp
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His plan was put in place on September 19, 1940 when he purposefully entered an area where he knew the German Army was rounding up Polish civilians. He carried false documents with him, registering under the name of Tomasz Serafinski. That day, he was among 2,000 civilians to be detained. Then, after two days in detention, suffering beatings along with the other prisoners, he was finally sent to Auschwitz concentration camp where he was registered as number 4859.

Who knew what thoughts ran through his head when he first witnessed the atrocities of the camp firsthand? Perhaps he was internally kicking himself for going through with his crazy plan. That’s what we might assume he’d be thinking on a human level. But there was no turning back. All he could do was remain strong and focus on putting his plan into motion. Thankfully, he had help.


He probably recognized immediately that he would need to boost the morale of the prisoners. The best way he could do this was by informing them of current updates from the fronts of World War II and giving them hope. He organized his secret resistance operation under the Nazi’s noses, delivering and receiving messages to and from the outside using a courier system, channeling reports to the allies. Through this, he stealthily acquired secret stashes of food, clothing and medicines for the prisoners. All the while he was assisting prisoners in their preparation for escape. 

Concentration camp
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Why did help take too long to come?

Thanks to his efforts, it was as early as 1941 when he’d informed the British and the United States of what was secretly going on, that Nazis were actively exterminating Jews. Yet, one matter that remains questionable has to do with why nothing was done to end the mass murders that were learned about so early on, particularly by Winston Churchill. Perhaps the British thought to approach the atrocity with tact and strategic maneuvering but realized they couldn’t manage it until they’d won the war. The matter is unclear.

Pilecki, however, didn’t yet realize that the allies had no intention of liberating prisoners on the Auschwitz camp. When his underground resistance group learned about the gas chambers by 1942, they scurried to come up with different plans to liberate Auschwitz. One plan involved the idea of bombing the walls and having Polish paratroopers fly in from Britain.


But once Witold Pilecki realized the truth, that he was on his own, he decided he would have to find his own means of escape. If you imagine the frightening reality of his situation, that he’d entered the camp thinking he’d have help but was now left to fend for himself, it’s easy to think that you might panic if you were in his shoes. 

The well-executed prison break

In 1943, he escaped with two other prisoners. They achieved this by cutting telephone and alarm wires. They used a duplicate key to unlock the door. They then barricaded the door they’d exited through and crossed a river so that they wouldn’t leave footprints to be followed. 

Pilecki had spent a total of 2 and a half years at the camp, sneaking messages to the Allies. If you think about it, 2½ years was a long time to spend in Auschwitz, forced to bear through a life in horrible conditions. Many of us may not have lasted a day there. 

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Back in the hands of his captors

After his long ordeal and his plan for liberation falling flat on its face, he was captured in 1944 while fighting in the Warsaw uprising. He spent the remainder of the war in yet another camp, a prisoner-of-war camp. 

If you think that wasn’t bad enough, he then joined Polish troops in Italy in 1945, agreeing to return to Poland in order to gather intel on the Soviet takeover. He was caught once again, this time by the Polish Communist regime. It was during this time that he was interrogated on his espionage and tortured severely. After a trial, he was given three death sentences. Yes, that’s right! Not just one but three! With this, Pilecki’s heroic career ended with his execution on May 25, 1948 at Warsaw’s Mokotow Prison. He was killed by gunshot to the back of his head, a sad end to a very brave man who’d survived Auschwitz. He was 47 years old. 

Pilecki’s heroism comes to light

It wasn’t until much later in 1989 when the secrecy behind his true heroism emerged into public knowledge upon the collapse of communism. Well after his death in 1995, he received the Order of Polonia Restituta and, in 2006, he received the Order of the White Eagle, the highest Polish decoration. 

Pilecki was one out of many Poles who’d helped Jews during the Holocaust. Many, like Pilecki, paid the price of their heroism with their lives. There are a lot of people like these who did not earn the recognition they deserved. They performed acts of goodness without anything to gain in return and they should be honored. See


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